Teacher Characteristics by State
2015-16

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Percentage of each state’s teachers with one or two years experience, with emergency or provisional certificate, who plan to leave the profession, and who are teachers of color.

  Inexperienced  Uncertified  Plan to Leave the
Profession
Teachers
of Color
AL 12.0% 1.4%   4.6% 16%
AR 13.8% 4.0%   6.0% 15%
DE 12.3% 2.1%   5.8%   8%
FL 14.1% 4.7% 10.4% 35%
GA   9.5% 3.1%   8.0% 25%
KY 10.0% 0.8%   3.6%   3%
LA 12.9% 8.1%   6.0% 35%
MD 15.7% 3.4% 10.1% 29%
MS 13.2% 3.2%   7.1% 30%
NC   8.4% 2.7% 10.0% 17%
OK 12.2% 0.9%   6.7% 17%
SC 11.4% 1.5%   8.6% 18%
TN 19.2% 4.1%   8.7% 15%
TX 15.4% 2.9%   9.6% 40%
VA 12.4% 3.2% 11.0% 15%
WV 11.2% 3.4%   9.4%   2%
national average 12.7% 2.6%   9.4% 20%

Inexperienced: Defined as teachers with one or two years of experience.

Uncertified: Defined as those teachers practicing under an emergency or provisional certificate.

Plan to leave the profession: Defined as teachers planning to leave teaching as soon as possible or as soon as a more desirable job opportunity arises.

Teachers of color: Defined as all teachers except those who identify as non-Hispanic white.

Sources: Learning Policy Institute (2018). Understanding Teacher Shortages: 2018 Update. Primary data from the National Center for Education Statistics’ Civil Rights Data Collection, Public-Use Data File 2015-16. Planning to leave the profession primary data from the National Center for Education Statistics’ Public School Teacher File 2016, National Teacher and Principal Survey.