Confronting the Fade-Out Debate
Children Flourish and Gains Do Last in High-Quality Pre-K Programs

Publication June 201520 pages(15E05)

This brief traces the evolution of research on state-funded pre-K programs. While a few older studies gave rise to and perpetuated a fade-out theory, recent research has produced evidence that children can sustain the gains made during the pre-K year.

The paper includes a historical review of research, explores new studies, and focuses on what the research tells policy makers about how to target state investments.