Early Grades: Reading
Annotated Bibliography

Publication September 2016 | 4 pages

One of the most crucial missions of the early grades is teaching students to read. Third-grade reading proficiency predicts long-term outcomes, including high school graduation. Many state policymakers have set third grade as the key pivot point in the early grades and have enacted grade-level retention laws based on reading assessment results. Even so, about two-thirds of fourth-graders were not reading proficiently on a widely recognized national assessment in 2015. Development in the first years of life shapes a child’s ability to learn to read. Recent research and state evaluations provide policymakers with powerful tools as they create a holistic approach to statewide reading achievement.

The following studies highlight recent research on policy topics with nationwide applicability.