Teacher Compensation Dashboard


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Salary Footnotes

Sources and Definitions

COLI (%): The average 2019 cost of living index percentage by state, assuming the national COLI is 100%. It is the cost of achieving a certain level of utility (or standard of living) in one year relative to the cost of achieving the same level the next year. Sourced from the Council for Community and Economic Research.

Teacher Wage Penalty (%): How much less, in percentage terms, public school teachers are paid in weekly wages relative to other college-educated workers (after accounting for factors known to affect earnings such as education, experience, and state residence). Sourced from Economic Policy Institute 2020 report “Teacher Pay Penalty Dips but Persists in 2019.”

All Teacher Salary Averages: 2018-19 school year. Sourced from two National Education Association reports: “2020 Rankings of the States and Estimates of School Statistics” and “2018-2019 Teacher Salary Benchmark Report.”

Minimum 0-Yr, 15-Yr, 35-Yr Salary: Based on SREB review of state minimum teacher salary schedules from state websites for teachers with bachelor’s and master’s degrees. All figures from the 2018-19 school year, except for Delaware using 2019-20. Figures do not include any state or local supplements or additions for higher degree attainment. Florida, Louisiana, Maryland and Virginia do not have  minimum teacher salary schedules.

Time to Max Salary: The number of years it will take a teacher to reach the maximum salary available on the statewide teacher salary schedule, per degree label. These figures do not include state bonuses or local supplements. 

Time to Reach $50,000: The least number of years it will take a teacher to reach $50k based on the state minimum salary schedule, not including state bonuses or local supplements.

Retirement Footnotes

All retirement plan figures are for the 2018-19 fiscal year (which in most states is identical to the school year). Plans identified with tier levels are defined benefit plans.

Sources and Definitions

Defined benefit (DB): A pension plan that is designed to provide participants with a predefined, predictable and guaranteed benefit based on a formula that takes into account an employee’s compensation, years of service and age, or a combination thereof. Many states have instituted tiered levels with plan changes based on year hired.

Defined contribution (DC): Plans such as 401(k), 403(b) or 457(b) in which retirement savings grows through contribution amounts and investment strategy. The retirement benefit is not pre-determined and is entirely dependent upon the account balance at retirement.

Vesting period: A federally mandated minimum period of time before a retirement plan is unconditionally owned by an employee.

Employee and Employer Contribution (%): Percentage contribution amounts mandated by each system. Employee contribution (%) is sourced from state retirement system handbooks. Employer Contribution (%)I is the individual percentage contribution required by state and district funds; 2018-19 percentage sourced from state retirement system handbooks or actuarial reports. Those marked with * are actuarial contributions and the figures used are the latest calculations from Teacherpensions.org when not found in state financial reports.

Employer Normal Cost Rate (%): The amount of an employer’s contribution that goes toward a teacher’s retirement benefits (as opposed to paying for unfunded liabilities). Sourced from state retirement system financial reports.

Full Retirement Status: Reflects eligibility to retire with full benefits. All states offer an early retirement option with partial benefits. Retirement status in any state is still subject to federal IRS regulation. Sourced from state retirement system handbooks.

State Pension Benefit Formulas: Multiplier percentage multiplied by salary calculation multiplied by years of service. Sourced from state retirement system handbooks.

Years to Break Even and Percentage of Teachers Who Will Not Break Even: The number of years it will take a teacher in each plan to earn a pension worth more than their own contributions plus interest and the percent of teachers in the state who will not exceed this point. This analysis does not apply to defined contribution or hybrid plans. Sourced from an analysis by Aldeman and Johnson: https://www.teacherpensions.org/sites/default/files/TeacherPensions_Negative%20Returns_Final.pdf

Individual State Notes

Alabama plans are based on year hired: Tier I- teachers hired before 2013; Tier II – teachers hired in or after 2013

Delaware Tier I- teachers hired before 2012; Tier II- teachers hired in or after 2012

Florida Tier I: teachers hired before July 1, 2011. The pension formula is calculated by a range multiplier based on age and years of service (age 62 or 30 years 1.60%; age 63 or 31 years 1.63%; age 64 or 32 years 1.65%; age 65 or 33 years 1.68%). Tier II: hired on or after July 1, 2011. The pension formula range multiplier changes (age 65 or 33 years 1.60%; age 66 or 34 years 1.63%; age 67 or 35 years 1.65%; age 68 or 36 years 1.68%). New teachers are automatically enrolled in the Investment (DC) plan but can opt to switch to the defined benefit plan at any time. Current teachers hired before July 1, 2011 with 5 years of service and those hired on or after July 1, 2011 with 8 years of service can also opt into a hybrid option within the Investment plan to include partial pension benefits.

Georgia DB Legacy: teachers hired before 2009; GSEPS Georgia State Employees Pension and Savings plan: teachers hired in or after 2009

Kentucky Tier I: hired prior to July1, 2002; Tier II: between July 2002-2008; Tier III: July 1, 2008 or after. The pension formula is calculated by a range multiplier based on a scale of years of service for those hired after 2008. Ranges include 1-10 years (1.7); 10.01-20 (2); 20.01-26 (2.3); 26.01-30 (2.5); 30+ (3).

Louisiana Tier I: system member before July 1, 1999. Those who retire later (age 65+ or 30+ years of service) are incentivized with a 2.5% benefit multiplier. Tier II: system member between July 1, 1999 and December 31, 2010; Tier III: system member between 2011 and June 30, 2015; Tier IV: system member from July 1, 2015 on.

Maryland has two tiers including the Alternate Contributory Pension Selection plan for teachers hired before July 1, 2011 and the Reformed Contributory Pension Benefit plan for those hired on or after July 1, 2011. Teachers may opt into supplemental defined contribution plans — 457, 401(k) and 403(b) options are available— but there is no employer contribution to these options.

Mississippi Tier I: hired before July 1, 2007; Tier II: hired between July 1, 2007 and June 30, 2011; Tier III: hired on or after July 1, 2011.

North Carolina has instituted a contributions-based benefit cap of $100,000 (adjusted annually for inflation) on a teachers’ average final compensation.

Oklahoma Tier I: hired before July 1, 1992; Tier II: hired between July 1, 1992 and November 1, 2011; Tier III: hired after Nov 1, 2011. There is also an optional 403(b) defined contribution plan, but offering this is left up to districts.

South Carolina Class 2: hired before July 1, 2012; Class 3: hired on or after July 1, 2012. Teachers can also opt between the defined benefit applicable to their hire date or the defined contribution plan.

Tennessee’s newly hired teachers enroll in a hybrid plan. Those hired before 2014 participate in the Legacy DB plan and optional 401(k). 

Texas has six tiers in its teacher retirement system based on multiple eligibility criteria including qualified to be grandfathered, when service began, when vested, and active status. See this handbook for details: https://www.trs.texas.gov/TRS%20Documents/benefits_handbook.pdf.  

Virginia’s current teachers had the option of choosing one of two defined benefit plans and could opt into the new hybrid plan. Teachers hired after 2014 enroll in a hybrid (DB and DC) plan. Virginia’s defined contribution portion of the hybrid plan has a gradual vesting period (50% vested after 2 years, 75% vested after 3 years, fully vested after 4 years). An optional 457 Deferred Compensation plan is also available.

West Virginia Tier I: teachers hired before July 2015; Tier II: teachers hired after July 1, 2015. Teachers in Tier I who were members of the state retirement plan before July 1, 1991 receive 15% employer contributions.

Healthcare Footnotes

All health insurance information displayed represents state-based options only for the 2019-20 school year or fiscal year (identical in most states). Because most states do not display archived health insurance information, data prior to 2019-20 will not be included in this dashboard. Plan information was retrieved through state-specific benefit websites.


Premiums (Individual and Family): The amount paid monthly for health insurance. Premiums listed for both Individual and Family coverage are the maximum amount paid by employees.

Deductibles (Individual and Family): The amount you pay for covered health care services before the insurance plan starts to pay.

Out of Pocket Maximums (Individual and Family): The most you must pay for covered services in a plan year. This includes deductibles, copayments and coinsurance for in-network care and services.

Individual State Notes and Sources

Alabama Public Education Employees’ Health Insurance Plan (PEEHIP)

Arkansas Health Advantage Arkansas State and Public-School Employees

Delaware Delaware Department of Human Resources

Florida myBenefits Health Insurance Landing Page. In addition to the statewide benefits displayed in the dashboard, Florida provides additional plans through other health insurance providers that are district specific. See more at

Georgia In addition to the statewide benefits displayed, some Georgia districts provide additional plans through other health insurance providers. These locally based plans are not displayed.

Kentucky Kentucky Employees’ Health Plan. Kentucky’s premium rates are decided by the formula Plan Option Cost + Tobacco Usage + Living Well Promise + Time Specific adjustments.

Louisiana State of Louisiana Office of Group Benefits

Maryland The state does not provide an option for educator health insurance. Instead, health insurance is provided at the district level and therefore is not represented in this dashboard. Example: Charles County Public Schools.

Mississippi Mississippi Department of Finance and Administration. Mississippi’s premium rate is for Horizon Employees (hired after 1/1/2006).

North Carolina North Carolina State Health Plan. North Carolina’s premium rate is for those with completed tobacco attestation.

Oklahoma Oklahoma Office of Management and Enterprise Services – Group Insurance Division. Premiums costs are deducted by the amount the state contributes to each plan, which was equal to single coverage premiums from the HealthChoice High plan.

South Carolina South Carolina Department of Education

Tennessee Tennessee Partners for Health. Tennessee’s premium rates only encompass the approximately 45% state subsidy found in the healthcare documentation.

Texas Teacher Retirement System of Texas

Virginia Virginia Department of Human Resource Management

West Virginia West Virginia Public Employees Insurance Agency. West Virginia’s deductibles and out of pocket maximums vary by salary for three of their plans.