College and Career Planning

Overview

College and Career Planning in K-12

To help students prepare for college or a career by the end of high school, many SREB states have implemented college- and career-planning measures that begin as early as sixth grade. These include activities such as student success or graduation planning, meeting with advisors, tutoring, mentoring, and exploring possible careers. Many states have programs aimed at supporting underserved groups such as minority and low-income students who traditionally struggle to succeed in high school. See below for each state’s college and career planning policies. (Updated July 2019)

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Alabama
College and Career Planning in K-12

Eighth-grade students develop a four-year plan that includes the electives and credit-eligible courses that they will take during high school that align with their postsecondary aspirations. After reaching high school, students develop their academic/career planning portfolio and revise it annually. The Alabama Career Planning System allows students to explore career clusters and interests. The Alabama Department of Education’s Counseling and Guidance Office is situated within the larger Office of Career and Technical Education and plays a significant role in the state’s student support systems.

To graduate from high school, students must complete a one-unit career preparedness course that incorporates instruction, academic and career planning, financial literacy, and technology.

Alabama administers the federally funded GEAR UP throughout the Black Belt region that covers 52 schools across 21 school systems to prepare low-income early, middle and high-school students for college and to create or expand programs that strengthen schools.

Alabama also administers the REACH Initiative, a research- and standards-based advisement model for foster, orphaned, emancipated and homeless students in grades 7 through 12. REACH provides implantation tools and lesson plans to help teachers, advisors and counselors enhance the career, academic and personal development of students. Specially trained career coaches serve every high school at least once a week, assisting students with career planning and college admission. Alabama also implemented an electronic graduation tracking system that allows local districts, in conjunction with each school’s Response to Instruction team, to use data on achievement, attendance and behavior to identify students who may need additional support services.

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Arkansas
College and Career Planning in K-12

State law requires eighth-grade students to develop a Student Success Plan with their parents and school personnel. These success plans must address accelerated learning opportunities, academic deficits and interventions, and college and career planning components. They should help assist students identify college and career readiness skills, select high school courses, and provide a basis for college and career counseling. Plans should be updated annually.

The Arkansas Department of Education provides college and career planning tools to students in grades eight to 12. The department has approved several online platforms that districts may use to explore education and career options. The state department reimburses platform costs if districts select an approved vendor.

The Arkansas College and Career Coach program, formerly known as Arkansas Works, leverages federal funds to deliver college and career planning to students in grades seven to 12. Career coaches provide several types of support, including tutoring, mentoring, and career and financial aid counseling. ACT Academies are offered in the summer to help improve student’s ACT scores and Career Cluster Camps allow middle and high school students to explore a variety of career options. The Arkansas College Application Campaign encourages students to apply for college during their senior year in high school.

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Delaware
College and Career Planning in K-12

All Delaware public school students in grades 8 through 12 develop a Student Success Plan, updated yearly, with their parents or guardians and the student’s advisor. Each district and charter school must establish an advisement process for developing and reviewing the SSPs with students, their advisors and parents. The purpose of the SSP is to monitor the student’s academic progress to ensure an on-time graduation, educate students about their college and career options, and offer support if a student is failing or in danger of failing courses required for high school graduation.

State regulations require districts and charter schools to develop and implement postsecondary advisement plans. The plans describe the college and career planning activities and resources that will help students achieve their postsecondary goals.

Information and resource guides for students and parents concerning the Student Success Plan and college and career planning are available on Delaware’s college information website, DelawareGoestoCollege.org.

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Florida
College and Career Planning in K-12

State law requires middle school students to complete one course in career and education planning. These courses provide information related to diploma options, assessment requirements, scholarships, and accelerated learning options. By the end of the course, students complete a personalized academic and career plan.

FloridaShines provides students with academic advising, career readiness and online learning resources to help students explore college offerings and career options.

MyCareerShines is an online career planning system available free of charge to all middle grades and high school students. The online platform allows students to explore career options and develop their academic and career plans.

KnowHow2GoFlorida is a web portal provided by the Florida College Access Network that provides targeted guidance for students in grades eight through 10 and their families to help plan for college.

Florida CHOICES is the state’s official career information portal. Students can create an online account, develop an academic and career planning portfolio, and learn how to apply for college and financial aid.

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Georgia
College and Career Planning in K-12

Districts must provide certain career advisement activities to middle grades students, including exploration of academic skills and career interests. State regulation requires that these advisement activities lead to the completion of individual student graduation plans by the end of eighth grade. The graduation plans describe specific student advisement activities for each high school grade. For example, students learn about dual enrollment opportunities to help in the development of a college and career plan. Beginning in the 2018-2019 school year, high school guidance activities included “providing career-oriented aptitude guidance.” 

The University System of Georgia administers the GEAR UP program. It provides support for students through their middle grades and high school years and into the first year of college and offers services such as academic support, college and career exposure, guidance in selecting high school courses, and financial aid counseling. The first model, or “Cohort Strategy,” is for seventh and eighth grade students and “high priority” students. The second model, or “Priority Strategy,” targets students in 10th, 11th and 12th grade who have either been homeless or in the foster care system.

GAfutures.org is a statewide portal that provides access to online resources for students and their families to help them plan, apply and pay for college.

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Kentucky
College and Career Planning in K-12

Starting in sixth grade, students develop Individual Learning Plans aligned with their academic and career interests. Each district must provide information on career opportunities and financial aid.

Students write their plans with the help of parents and school counselors; the plan outlines the student’s learning goals and helps guide the course of their studies through the middle grades, high school, and into college. The plan emphasizes postsecondary goal setting and the pursuit of a robust academic experience, including appropriate extracurricular activities and electives.

State law requires the Education and Workforce Development Cabinet to publish information on the employment and earnings of college graduates in the state, so that high school students can make better-informed decisions about future careers.

Kentucky administers a statewide, federally funded GEAR UP program to prepare middle grades and high school students for college and to create or expand programs that strengthen schools.

The state administers the ACT for all 11th-grade students.

The Kentucky Higher Education Assistance Authority provides access to multiple online tools for Kentucky students and their families to help them plan, apply, and pay for college. Current Web resources can be found at KHEAA.com and Knowhow2goKY.org.

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Louisiana
College and Career Planning in K-12

Students begin developing Individual Graduation Plans in middle grades with the help of their parents and school counselors. Students complete their plans by the end of the eighth grade and update them annually.

At the end of the 10th grade, students choose which high school diploma to pursue — either the Jump Start TOPS Tech Pathway or the TOPS University Pathway. Students choose a career concentration that informs their selection of academic electives. School counselors are responsible for meeting with students, advising on academic choices and helping students update their plans throughout high school.

Students may use either of two online planning tools — the Louisiana Award System or My Life My Way — to explore careers and align high school course selections with future goals.

The Louisiana Department of Education, Board of Regents and other state education agencies provide access to online tools for Louisiana students and their families to help them plan, apply and pay for college at www.unlockmyfuture.org.

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Maryland
College and Career Planning in K-12

Students develop four-year high school plans of study and identify career opportunities, but Maryland State Board rules do not stipulate when students must complete specific tasks with high school counselors. The Maryland Career Development Framework provides a structured, grade-appropriate and standards-based approach to college and career exploration. The six developmental standards are: Self Awareness, Career Awareness, Career Exploration, Career Preparation, Job Seeking and Advancement, and Career Satisfaction and Transition.

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Mississippi
College and Career Planning in K-12

The Mississippi Department of Education requires students to develop Individual Student Success Plans by the end of the eighth grade. Students update their plans with their counselors annually. The plans guide course selection and career exploration. Students update their plans with their counselors annually. The state department created the Career Development Pacing Guide for counselors and school personnel to deliver college- and career-planning activities.

With guidance from their counselor and parents, students must select one career cluster and identify at least one high school diploma endorsement prior to entering the ninth grade.

The Mississippi Institutions of Higher Learning, the Mississippi Department of Education, and the Mississippi Community College Board administer a statewide, federally funded GEAR UP program to help low-income students prepare for college. It provides enrichment, recruitment and financial aid; family and community engagement, tutoring and mentoring; professional development for teachers, counselors and principals; and technology resources. More information is available at www.msfinancialaid.org.

Mississippi also offers online resources at riseupms.com, a statewide web portal designed to help students and their families plan for college.

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North Carolina
College and Career Planning in K-12

State law requires school counselors to provide college and career planning to middle grades and high school students but do not designate specific activities or timelines.

The University of North Carolina System administers a statewide, federally funded GEAR UP program, which targets school districts with high poverty and low college-going rates. The goal of the program is to increase the number of high school graduates who enroll in college and complete a degree or certificate. GEAR UP North Carolina provides tutoring, mentoring, academic planning, financial aid planning, college tours and professional development, as well as resources for Spanish-speaking students and parents.

The North Carolina Mathematics and Science Education Network Pre-College Program prepares students for careers in science, technology, engineering and math fields. The program is located at four NC public university campuses. It offers academic STEM enrichment for students in grades six through 12 with Saturday academies, summer programs, and leadership training and career activities. Coordinators hold parent seminars to help students and families prepare for college.

North Carolina also offers the Early Mathematics Placement Testing Program to reduce the percentage of students entering college requiring remediation. The program provides a free diagnostic test similar to the math placement tests currently given at state colleges and universities. Students enrolled in Math II and any upper-level high school math courses are eligible to participate. Students receive individualized test results that provide a snapshot of current readiness for college-level courses for each student’s chosen major at his or her first-choice college or university.

The College Foundation of North Carolina (CFNC) is a statewide web portal that helps students plan, apply and pay for college. The online portal serves as a one-stop shop for students to explore careers, save course information, track academic progress, and apply for financial aid.

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Oklahoma
College and Career Planning in K-12

State law requires school districts to develop individual career and academic planning tools for grade six through 12 students. Students create Individual Career Academic Plans. The program helps all students achieve their postsecondary goals by providing career exploration, guidance, and equitable resources.

The Career Awareness Stage begins in grades K-5, exposing students to career options through career days, field trips, and career-focused activities.

In grades six through eight, the Career Exploration Stage, students begin career exploration, taking assessments to help align their interests and skills with career industries.

The Career Planning Stage takes place in grades nine through 12. Students create a postsecondary plan along with their parents and counselors. Students may access career resources at www.okcareerguide.kuder.com/landing-page.

State law authorizes districts to develop mentorship programs to promote higher graduation rates for at-risk students. Mentors provide advice and counsel to students on crafting their graduation plans, exploring careers and selecting courses.

Oklahoma administers a statewide, federally funded GEAR UP program, which partners with rural school districts with high poverty rates and low college-going rates to provide academic planning, mentoring, financial aid planning and college application assistance.

The Oklahoma College Assistance Program offers UCanGo2, a comprehensive college access and outreach Web portal that aims to facilitate access to postsecondary education in Oklahoma and educate students, parents, instructors, counselors and community partners about preparing, planning and paying for college. Components include campus and community workshops, print publications, a college planning hotline and a variety of online tools. Its website is UCanGo2.org.

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South Carolina
College and Career Planning in K-12

State law requires school counselors to ensure that, beginning in the sixth grade, all middle grades students have numerous opportunities to explore career options and complete career interest assessments prior to developing their Individual Graduation Plans, with assistance from their parents/guardians and school counselors.

By the end of eighth grade, students identify one or more of the 16 career clusters in their graduation plans. Students may change their choices of clusters at any time.

In high school, 10th grade students are required to narrow their focus areas by selecting academic majors within their chosen cluster(s). The selection of a major is also documented in the graduation plan to guide students in the selection of elective courses as they form their college and career aspirations beyond graduation.

The South Carolina Commission on Higher Education administers a statewide, federally funded GEAR UP program. The objectives of GEAR UP are to increase high school students’ academic performance and preparation for postsecondary education. Students in the program receive:

  1. Tutoring and mentorship
  2. Introduction to institutions of higher education through trips and school-based sessions
  3. Informational sessions regarding financial aid for postsecondary education

The South Carolina Commission on Higher Education also offers SC CAN (www.SCCANGO.org), a statewide portal that provides access to online resources for South Carolina students, families, and educational professionals. Visitors can view the site through mobile, computer, and tablet devices, access information through social media, watch videos, view pictures, download resources, receive news and program updates, read student blogs, submit success stories, and view an interactive calendar of events.

The South Carolina Commission on Higher Education awards funding to the Center of Excellence for College and Career Readiness at Francis Marion University. This center partners with school districts, technical colleges, economic development centers, and four-year colleges and universities to prepare students for postsecondary success. The center provides resources, programs, and support for existing and new P-20 initiatives and stakeholders (including administrators, guidance counselors, teachers, and students). Further, the center conducts research to further an understanding of how best to prepare South Carolina’s students for the challenges they face beyond high school.

Using the South Carolina Transfer and Articulation Center, students can better plan their progression to a degree by identifying and taking courses that will transfer toward a degree program at a public institution. Using SC TRAC, students can easily locate information related to transfer and access transfer agreements, search for course equivalencies to determine how courses taken at one institution transfer to another and find detailed and up-to-date information on degree pathways

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Tennessee
College and Career Planning in K-12

State regulation requires districts to administer a career-interest inventory to seventh grade students. Prior to entering high school, students complete an initial plan of study. By the end of the 10th grade, students should complete a second career interest inventory and revise their plan to include course work for the final two years of high school as well as career options and postsecondary plans. Students collaborate with middle grades and high school counselors to create these plans, updating them annually.

The Tennessee Higher Education Commission administers Tennessee’s federally funded GEAR UP TN grant program, a seven-year discretionary grant program that aims to increase the number of low-income, first-generation students enrolling and succeeding in college across 15 Tennessee counties. GEAR UP TN provides direct services to a cohort of students, beginning in the seventh grade and continuing through the first year of postsecondary education. GEAR UP TN also provides services to students in the senior class of participating high schools each grant year. As part of this grant, the Tennessee Department of Education and THEC offer CollegeforTN.org, an online Web resource that provides information for Tennessee students and their families to help them plan, apply and pay for college.

Tennessee has an online College and Career Planning System, available to all students in grades six through 2, allowing students to explore career options, learn more about themselves and plan for higher education and the workforce. The Tennessee Student Assistance Corporation provides an additional statewide Web portal, College Pays, to help students and their families plan for college.

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Texas
College and Career Planning in K-12

State law requires middle grades students who have failed a state test or are not likely to graduate high school on time to complete personal graduation plans. All other students complete such plans by the ninth grade. Districts must inform students entering ninth grade about the endorsement requirement for the Foundation high school diploma and about the distinguished level of achievement.

The College for All Texans campaign is a project of the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board. The goal of the campaign is to increase college-going rates of Texas high school graduates. The campaign provides information for parents and for middle grades and high school students about preparing, applying and paying for college. The project also provides materials to schools and other organizations to help them promote college readiness, financial aid options and postsecondary education to Texas students. Its website is CollegeForAllTexans.com.

Generation TX is a statewide portal provided by the Texas Higher Education Coordinating Board that offers access to online resources for students and their families to help them plan for college. Its website is GenTX.org.

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Virginia
College and Career Planning in K-12

Beginning in elementary school, students develop Academic and Career Plan Portfolios, including information about students interests and future goals. Seventh and eighth graders develop Academic and Career Plans and receive counseling about opportunities for obtaining industry certifications prior to high school graduation, as well as learning about Advanced Placement and dual enrollment options. Middle schools are also required to provide a course in career investigation, Middle grades students complete a locally selected career interest inventory and identify a career pathway. Students review their academic and career plans before they enter the ninth and 11th grades. The plan includes a high school program of study that is aligned with a postsecondary career pathway and/or college entrance.

The State Council of Higher Education for Virginia administers a statewide, federally funded GEAR UP program to help low-income students prepare for college. The program delivers early college activities through summer school on college campuses, neighborhood academies and parental-involvement initiatives, and scholarships for eligible participants.

Virginia offers online resources through two Web portals: I-am-the-one.com and the Virginia Education Wizard (http://VAwizard.org). Both sites help students learn more about college and work-based learning opportunities.

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West Virginia
College and Career Planning in K-12

State regulation requires districts to provide structured Personalized Student Planning opportunities for students to explore and plan for careers. Student advisors use these activities to develop the personalized education plan with each student. During the eighth grade, students explore career options and take needs and interest assessments to help choose coursework for the ninth and 10th grades. Students revise plans annually. During the 10th grade year, students choose their coursework through the end of high school and postsecondary plans for the first year after high school graduation. Advisors assist students and their parents in identifying the student’s interests, learning styles, and career and academic aptitudes to guide educational planning and career choices.

School Counseling and Student Advisement

A standards-focused, integrated, and comprehensive school counseling program helps high school students acquire the skills to prepare for high school and postsecondary success. School counselors work with other school staff to assist students with academic and postsecondary planning that leads to seamless transitions to the identified postsecondary options.

High schools will implement student advisement systems that provide students with meaningful, supportive relationships and maximize each student’s personalized learning experience. An adult advocate, advisor or mentor will take an interest in each student’s successful learning, goal setting, career planning and personal growth. Schools should implement an evidence-based advisory system that integrates school success and career-readiness skills (e.g., work ethic, communication skills, teamwork, personal responsibility, organization, financial literacy, and study skills).

Postsecondary Access and Completion Initiatives

The West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission and the Council for Community and Technical College Education strive to facilitate a statewide culture that values education and actively cultivates the academic achievement of all citizens, regardless of age or income. The Division of Student Affairs coordinates several college access and completion initiatives, including:

College Foundation of West Virginia is a college readiness outreach initiative aimed at helping students plan, apply, and pay for college. The one-stop college planning website is CFWV.com. The division also has launched a pilot project, funded by the Kresge Foundation, to provide students with college counseling and college-planning reminders via text message. Other CFWV outreach activities include training educators and community outreach professionals to provide in-depth college counseling, coordinating West Virginia’s statewide “College Application and Exploration Week” event, and engaging communities in promoting a stronger college-going culture across the state. Additionally, the division supports the work of the West Virginia Higher Education Policy Commission’s Division of Financial Aid in informing students of the availability of financial aid and assists in the efforts of the Commission to help adult students complete college degrees. The West Virginia Department of Education, the West Virginia Council for Community and Technical College Education, the West Virginia Department of Education and the Arts, and various other educational organizations are partners in these efforts.