Topic: Teacher Shortages

Overview

Teacher Workforce Shortages

Every state in the SREB region is struggling to find qualified and certified candidates to teach the next generation. Emergency certifications – temporary licenses issued to people with little to no teacher training – are at an all-time high. Enrollment in college and university teacher preparation programs is down in most states. And only 5% of high school students expressed intent to pursue a career in education, ACT reported in 2017.

The tables below show the extent of the crisis in each SREB state.

Blog post Alan Richard, SREB News Manager

Impact of teacher shortages in most states far-reaching

When students don’t have good teachers, it can affect their cognitive growth — and over time can result in measurable economic loss.

Teacher shortages, therefore, are the type of crisis that “can put an entire society at risk,” said Nicole Smith, the chief economist and research professor at the Georgetown University Center on Education and the Workforce.

Blog post Megan Boren, Program Specialist, SREB

COVID-19 Effects on the Teacher Workforce

In April, my mom called me with the news that my high school chemistry teacher, Mr. Metcalfe, who was rounding out his 42nd year of teaching, had died from COVID-19. I knew him from class, of course, but I also went to school with his son for 13 years and his family attended my grandparent’s church.

He was respected, loved and honored for his excellent teaching. His funeral was an all-day parade of cars through the high school parking lot, where community members waved and shouted condolences to his family. My mom said the cars stretched down the street for miles.

Blog post Megan Boren

A Long-Term Solution to Teacher Shortages
Finding the Root of the Problem

We’ve all heard the saying “You can’t see the forest for the trees.” When it comes to state policies affecting the teacher workforce, it’s important to see both.  

Teachers make life-long impressions on thousands of students — over 3,000 in an average career — and help raise every generation to understand the world and become productive, well-rounded citizens.

Resources

Teacher Characteristics by State
2017-18

Percentage of each state’s teachers with one or two years experience, with emergency or provisional certificate, who plan to leave the profession, and who are teachers of color.

  Inexperienced  Uncertified  Plan to Leave the
Profession
Teachers
of Color
AL 9.1% 10.6% 12.3% 20%
AR 13.2% 2.3% 12% 7%
DE 12.8% 2.9% 12.8% 15%
FL 18.4% 2.9% 19.3% 35%
GA   9.1% 5% 12.9% 30%
KY 12.0% 0.6% 11.9% 7%
LA 16.1% 9.2% 13.9% 28%
MD 14.9% 3.3% 10.1% 29%
MS 11.5% 4.6%  13.5% 23%
NC   6.7% 11.9% 15.8% 23%
OK 11.9% 0.5% 16.5% 20%
SC 10.8% 1.2%  13% 21%
TN 11.8% 2.2% 14.5% 17%
TX 15.5% 2.4% 14.5% 40%
VA 10.8% 4% 12.7% 18%
WV 9.2% 2.5%  17.6%   3%
national average 11.7% 3.2% 12.3% 21%

Inexperienced: Defined as teachers with one or two years of experience.

Uncertified: Defined as those teachers practicing under an emergency or provisional certificate.

Plan to leave the profession: Defined as teachers planning to leave teaching as soon as possible or as soon as a more desirable job opportunity arises.

Teachers of color: Defined as all teachers except those who identify as non-Hispanic white.

Sources: National Center for Education Statistics’ Civil Rights Data Collection, Public-Use Data File 2017-18. Planning to leave the profession primary data from the National Center for Education Statistics’ Public School Teacher File 2017, National Teacher and Principal Survey.